Species: C. undecimalis
The common snook (Centropomus undecimalis) is a species
of marine fish in family Centropomidae of order Perciformes.
The type species of its genus, it is native to the coastal
waters of the western Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea,
from southern Florida to Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
One of the largest snooks, C. undecimalis grows to a maximum
overall length of 140 cm (4 ft 7 in) and
a maximum recorded weight of 24 kg (54 lb). Of
typical centropomid form, its possesses unremarkable coloration
except for a distinctive black lateral line.
Occurring in shallow coastal waters (up to 20 m [66 ft]
depth), estuaries, and lagoons, the fish often enters fresh
water. Carnivorous, its diet is dominated by crustaceans
such as shrimps and crabs, as well as other fishes.
Considered an excellent food fish, the common snook is fished
commercially and raised in aquaculture. It is also prized
as a game fish.
Three United States Navy submarines have been named for
this species, USS Robalo (SS-273) and USS Snook (SS-279)
in the Second World War and USS Snook (SSN-592) in the 1950s.
The common snook is also known as the sergeant fish or róbalo.
It was originally assinged to the sciaenid genus Sciaena;
Sciaena undecimradiatus and Centropomus undecimradiatus
are obsolete synonyms for the species.
This article is licensed under the GNU
Free Documentation License. It uses material from the
article "Common Snook".